Critical Factors for Successful Data Interoperability
Part 3 of 3
Part Two of this three-blog series on patient identity management best practices looked at strategies for mitigating errors during data conversion. In Part Three, we examine the factors that are critical to successfully achieving clinical data interoperability. Click here to access the white paper series by patient matching experts with Just Associates upon which this blog series is based.
The debate continues at the national level on the value of a national patient identifier and what it will take to achieve nation-wide interoperability. Closer to home, it’s important that healthcare organizations don’t lose sight of the critical need for accurate patient identity and data exchange within their own walls.
More specifically, hospitals, health systems and other provider organizations should focus on ensuring that each patient has a single unique identifier linking all their health information across the enterprise. Achieving this will enable safe, appropriate care decisions and facilitate accurate billing and reporting. Also needed are processes for ongoing evaluation of possible duplicate records and associated reconciliation efforts, and a medical record number (MRN) synchronization model so that core downstream systems are in sync with the “source of truth” system, typically an EHR or EMPI, which plays a key role in achieving internal interoperability.
Messaging and MRN Synchronization
For example, in optimized HL7 ADT data flows, it is the source-of-truth system that, when triggered by a specific event like patient admission or discharge, transmits messages to downstream systems via established standard protocols. Thus, information sharing requirements need to be carefully evaluated with the key data owners of all systems, including downstream and financial systems and data warehouse/analytics teams.
Another consideration for effective MRN synchronization is patient merge messages and downstream systems. When duplicate records are resolved in the source-of-truth system, immediate manual corrections are often required in core downstream systems, many of which don’t have the technical capability to process merge messages or aren’t configured to do so.
An in-depth assessment will determine which downstream systems need to be synchronized with MRNs. The information gleaned during this evaluation will also help identify next steps for enabling merge processing functionality wherever possible.
MPI Data Synchronization
If a source-of-truth system has not been established, core inpatient and ambulatory registration systems must stay in sync via bi-directional interfaces to present a holistic view of all patient information within one unique identifier. If an EMPI application is being utilized, active integration between the registration system and the EMPI prior to adding new MRNs is an excellent strategy. This allows the registrar to search the EMPI using an advanced patient matching algorithm before creating a new MRN in the registration system.
With bi-directional data flows, it is imperative that all system users follow the same standard procedures for capturing demographic data. Otherwise, new MRNs can be inadvertently created in the source-of-truth system when data fields are different due to exact, deterministic matching logic in place which rejects matching/linking if incoming demographics are not identical.
Even when all precautions are taken, all may not always be well when it comes to information exchange. It can be a critical mistake to assume that received messages are always processed—not to mention the challenges to which systems are exposed with highly configurable interfaces.
Thus, the final factor of successful interoperability is testing, including a comprehensive review of all messages that “error out.” This allow issues to be resolved and errors minimized once interfaces are live.
When data mapping isn’t adequately designed, and when testing is not conducted, the result will be compromised data integrity and failed interoperability.